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Freshwater Fishing With a Rod and Reel – Survival Basics

    Freshwater Fishing With a Rod and Reel - Survival Basics

    History Of Fishing With A Fishing Rod And Reel

    The fishing practice dates back at least 40,000 years. The method of using a rod is traced back to Ancient Egypt, Rome, Medieval England, and more ancient civilizations from that time. The rods back then were made from any material that could bend and withstand the pressure of the fish’s weight. Bamboo is a great example: combined with other plant materials it made a very durable rod. The bamboo rod is still used today, but we mostly use fishing rods made of graphite and fiber carbon.

    As much as we know, the first fishing reel was made in 1195 AD in China, by the Song dynasty. The first ancient fishing reels were made purely out of wood and as technology progressed, inventors started to add other materials to the reel, such as metal. For example, the handle of the reel was wooden, while the rest was metal and vice versa.

    Fishing Equipment Needed:

    • Rod
    • Reel
    • Line
    • Swivels
    • Leader line
    • Lead
    • Hooks

    No matter where you are in the world, your local fishing and hunting store should have all the gear to make an inexpensive survival fishing kit. Looking from a survival perspective, you don’t need a rod to catch fish, a reel with the other gear will suffice

    If you choose to use a rod with the reel, a 3-meter graphite rod will be enough. Ask the store manager for a decently strong rod, because you will be able to use it for years without worrying it will break. Fishing for smaller fish with a heavy rod isn’t optional, but in survival scenarios, it is better to have something you can rely on. Pick a light rod only if you are going to target small fish, like trout. Graphite rods are the least expensive and with care, they can be very durable too. Look out for the end of the rod, because it is known that breaks occur from the top to bottom more. Always disassemble the rod when moving.

    You should look for a semi-big reel. The size of reels is explained in numbers. Example: 1000 is small, 2000 is bigger, and so forth. A size of 3000 – 4000 is suggested. You will want to be able to put enough line on the reel. 

    A monofilament line will do just good. it’s inexpensive and it is considered to be the most versatile line type. Look for around 300 meters of line and the thickness should be from 0.24mm to 0.30mm. Choose heavier line only in the scenario that you are after bigger fish. If you go with a thicker line, consider also buying a bigger reel (5000-8000). 

    Next, you will need some fishing swivels of sizes 8 to 12. There is nothing complicated about the swivel, but it is a key component to set up the rig easily.

    Using another line for the leader line is optional because you can always use the main line for it. The only benefit of having a separate leader line is that you can use other materials such as fluorocarbon, which is less visible to the fish. Fluorocarbon leader usually comes in 50 meters packaging and it is more expensive than monofilament.

    If you are fishing on a lake, a 20-gram lead – fishing sinker will suffice. You can use heavier lead for longer throws. On a river, you will need to consider the current. If the river is low you can always fish the still water with a 20-gram lead. In reality, for river fishing, a survivalist should have a wide array of leads, from 20 grams to 100 grams or even more, and adapt to the condition the river is in.

    Hooks should match the size of the fish you are targeting, as the hookup rate will be the highest that way. If you still don’t know about the hook size, figure out what fish live in the body of water you would fish in a survival situation and adapt the hook size to the size of the fish’s mouth. Usually, smaller hooks perform better. 

    The Most Efficient and Easiest Rig To Learn – Carolina Rig

    Above you got all the gear listed to make an effective Carolina rig. I don’t use the fishing bead below the sinker, but if you would like to follow the tutorial from the video, feel free to purchase fishing beads as well. Follow the video and the rest is self-explanatory. If you are not using a rod, just connect the Carolina rig to the spool and throw the lead in the water with your hand. Next, wait for a bite and pull the line with your main hand. If you feel the weight, pull the fish up. Cleaning the fish as soon as possible is suggested. Keep the remaining meat in the shade, cold water, or anything that will preserve the meat. You can also cook the fish right on the spot over a fire.